Using the ODDFPRICE Function in Excel

ODDFPRICE in Microsoft Excel

 

 

Now we are going to learn all about formulas and functions. This is the best way to learn them:

ODDFPRICE

Returns the price per $100 face value of a security having an odd (short or long) first period.

 

ODDFPRICE(settlement; maturity; issue; first_coupon; rate; yld; redemption; frequency; [basis])

 

The ODDFPRICE function syntax has the following arguments:

  • Settlement Required. The security’s settlement date. The security settlement date is the date after the issue date when the security is traded to the buyer.
  • Maturity Required. The security’s maturity date. The maturity date is the date when the security expires.
  • Issue Required. The security’s issue date.
  • First_coupon Required. The security’s first coupon date.
  • Rate Required. The security’s interest rate.
  • Yld Required. The security’s annual yield.
  • Redemption Required. The security’s redemption value per $100 face value.
  • Frequency Required. The number of coupon payments per year. For annual payments; frequency = 1; for semiannual; frequency = 2; for quarterly; frequency = 4.
  • Basis Optional. The type of day count basis to use.
    BASIS DAY COUNT BASIS
    0 or omitted US (NASD) 30/360
    1 Actual/actual
    2 Actual/360
    3 Actual/365
    4 European 30/360

 

Remarks

 

  • Microsoft Excel stores dates as sequential serial numbers so they can be used in calculations. By default; January 1; 1900 is serial number 1; and January 1; 2008 is serial number 39448 because it is 39;448 days after January 1; 1900.
  • The settlement date is the date a buyer purchases a coupon; such as a bond. The maturity date is the date when a coupon expires. For example; suppose a 30-year bond is issued on January 1; 2008; and is purchased by a buyer six months later. The issue date would be January 1; 2008; the settlement date would be July 1; 2008; and the maturity date would be January 1; 2038; which is 30 years after the January 1; 2008; issue date.
  • Settlement; maturity; issue; first_coupon; and basis are truncated to integers.
  • If settlement; maturity; issue; or first_coupon is not a valid date; ODDFPRICE returns the #VALUE! error value.
  • If rate < 0 or if yld < 0; ODDFPRICE returns the #NUM! error value.
  • If basis < 0 or if basis > 4; ODDFPRICE returns the #NUM! error value.
  • The following date condition must be satisfied; otherwise; ODDFPRICE returns the #NUM! error value:maturity > first_coupon > settlement > issue
  • ODDFPRICE is calculated as follows:Odd short first coupon:

    where:

      • A = number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date (accrued days).
      • DSC = number of days from the settlement to the next coupon date.
      • DFC = number of days from the beginning of the odd first coupon to the first coupon date.
      • E = number of days in the coupon period.
      • N = number of coupons payable between the settlement date and the redemption date. (If this number contains a fraction; it is raised to the next whole number.)

    Odd long first coupon:

    where:

    • Ai = number of days from the beginning of the ith; or last; quasi-coupon period within odd period.
    • DCi = number of days from dated date (or issue date) to first quasi-coupon (i = 1) or number of days in quasi-coupon (i = 2;…; i = NC).
    • DSC = number of days from settlement to next coupon date.
    • E = number of days in the coupon period.
    • N = number of coupons payable between the settlement date and the redemption date. (If this number contains a fraction; it is raised to the next whole number.)
    • NC = number of quasi-coupon periods that fit in odd period. (If this number contains a fraction; it is raised to the next whole number.)
    • NLi = normal length in days of the full ith; or last; quasi-coupon period within odd period.
    • Nq = number of whole quasi-coupon periods between settlement date and first coupon.

 

Interactive Example

 

 

 

1 Comment on Using the ODDFPRICE Function in Excel

Comments are closed.

Please wait...

Subscribe to ExcelMOOC posts

Want to be notified when our Excel article is published? Enter your email address and name below to know all new Excel features and cool tips